Jargon Buster

There is a lot of jargon used in schools. If you have ever been confused what your child meant when they talked about PPA or wondered what Value Added meant – hopefully the explanations below will help.  However if there is something we have missed try CLICKING HERE for a full list.

  • Aimhigher - Is a  government strategy that aims to widen participation in higher education in the UK, especially for those from deprived areas.
  • A and AS levels- AS (Advanced Subsidiary) and A (Advanced) level qualifications focus on  traditional study skills. They normally take two years to complete full  time and are usually taken by students aged 16 -18.
  • AS level- The AS level can be either a free-standing qualification, or be valued as the first half of the full A level.At the end of the AS year, you have two options  -
  • Take the AS level qualification only or Continue to the second year and go for the full A level
  • A level - In year two of a full A level, you take the A2 - this is not a separate qualification, but the second half of the A level.
  • Assessment - Ways of judging how well pupils are progressing.
    Attainment - What pupils accomplish.
  • BTEC.s - Are  vocational qualifications that teach the skills that are needed for  working life. Roundhay is offering BTEC.s in Media, Business, Music and  P.E. from September 09. Each qualification is made up of units. Both the units and the overall BTEC qualifications are given pass, merit or  distinction grades.
  • Catchment area  - A defined geographical area from which a school takes its pupils.
    Code of Practice - A guide to schools and Local Authorities (LA.s) about the help they can give to children with special educational needs.]
  • Citizenship - covers three inter-related areas: social and moral responsibility, community involvement and political literacy.
  • Curriculum - The National Curriculum sets out the stages and core subjects your  child will be taught during his/her time at school. The National  Curriculum sets out the subjects taught, the knowledge, skills and  understanding required in each subject and standards or attainment  targets in each subject.
  • DfES - Department for Education and Skills: the government department responsible for education and adult skills.
  • Differentiation - The way in which the school's curriculum and teaching methods are adapted to meet the needs of children.
  • E.B.D.-  Emotional and behavioural difficulties.
  • Equal Opportunities - Chance for everyone to participate in school life/curriculum.
  • Evaluation -  How well did it work?
  • E.W.O. - Education Welfare Officer ~ a person employed by the LA to make sure  that children are getting the education they need. They deal mainly with school attendance. Our E.W.O. is David Winston.
  • Exclusion - Exclusion means that your child may not attend lessons or go on to the  school premises for a set period of time, or permanently in the case of  permanent exclusion.
  • G.C.S.E. - General Certificate of Secondary Education, which are generally taken over two years by pupils aged 15-16 years old.
  • H.E. - Higher  education is the type of learning that generally takes place after the  age of 18. It includes degree courses, postgraduate courses and Higher  National Diplomas. Higher education normally takes place in  universities, higher education colleges and, in some cases, further  education colleges.
  • I.E.P. -  Individual  Education Plan ~ drawn up by our inclusion team, It sets targets for a  child to achieve and a date for a review of progress.
  • I.C.T. -  Information and Communication Technology ~ refers to the whole area of computers.
  • Inclusion - A process by which schools, local education authorities and others  develop their cultures, policies and practices to include pupils.
  • INSET -  In-Service Education and Training. INSET days are set aside to allow teachers to update their skills and knowledge in order to raise pupil  achievement.
  • Key Stage - Your child's progress  through school is measured in Key Stages. Key Stage 1 covers pupils from 5-7, Key Stage 2 from 7-11, Key Stage 3 from 11 to 14 and Key Stage 4  from 14-16.
  • L.A. -  Local Authority. A body  responsible for providing education for pupils of school age in its  area. It also has responsibility for early years, the youth service and  adult education.
  • Learning Difficulty - If a  child has a learning difficulty, s/he finds it much harder to learn than most children of the same age. This usually includes Dyslexia,  Asperger's and ADHD.
  • L.S.A. - Learning Support Assistant. A non-teaching member of staff who helps to meet the educational needs of children.
  • Mainstream School - Any school that is not a special school or an independent school.
  • National Curriculum Levels - Assessments of ability at primary and early secondary ages.
  • Non-teaching or Support staff - Members of school staff employed by the governors to provide services in school other than teaching, such as cleaners, administrators.
  • OFSTED (Office For Standards in Education) - The body which inspects state-funded schools. OFSTED inspectors produce education reports to help improve schools.
  • Participation - Do all pupils join in? Can they?
  • Progress - Continuous proven improvement
  • Progression - Do pupils move forward with their learning?
  • S.E.N.-  Special Educational Needs. Learning difficulties, talents or other  needs, for which a child requires special help. One in five children may have some sort of learning difficulty during their school life.
  • S.E.N.C.O. - Special Educational Needs Co-ordinator. The teacher in a school who  is responsible for co-ordinating the extra help for children with  special educational needs.
  • Sp.L.D. - A child  has a Specific Learning Difficulty if s/he has a problem with one or  more areas of the curriculum, usually reading, writing, spelling and/or  number work.
  • Statement - A document that sets out a child's needs and all the extra help (provision) s/he should get.
  • Targets - The individual goals set for a child. Targets are a way of checking the child's progress.
  • Work Experience - A system which allows students approaching the end of their secondary education the opportunity to take part in work placements.
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